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Formal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty
izaPostpon 22 Lut 2016, 09:57
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pt 19 Wrz 2014, 20:10
Bardzo gorący tematFormal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty

Whom w pytaniach i wypowiedziach pośrednich (indirect questions and statements):

He didn’t ask for whom I had voted.
Tell me whom you admire most.
He told me where he went and with whom (preferowane w stylu formalnym zamiast: He told me where he went and who with).

davidPostpon 29 Lut 2016, 11:56
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sob 11 Paź 2014, 21:19
Bardzo gorący tematFormal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty

Whom jako zaimek względny w formie dopełnienia (kogo, którego, których itd - odnosi się tylko do ludzi).

Defining Relative Clauses (zdania względne określające):

She gave birth in 1970 to a boy whom she named Caleb James.
The author whom you criticized in your review has written a reply.

W stylu mniej formalnym zamiast whom w powyższych zdaniach można użyć who lub that, albo (co jest najpowszechniejsze) opuścić zaimek względny:

The family (who/​that/​whom) I met at the airport were very kind.

Non-Defining Relative Clauses (zdania względne nieokreślające):

Our doctor, ​whom we all liked very much, retired last week.
The book was written by his wife, Joan, whom he married in 1962.

W tego rodzaju zdaniach można też użyć who (ale nie that), a zaimka względnego nie można opuścić:

He took out a ​photo of his ​son, whom/who he ​adores.

KarolinaPostśr 9 Mar 2016, 21:43
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pt 1 Sty 2016, 12:57
Bardzo gorący tematFormal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty

Whom jako zaimek względny w formie dopełnienia w Non-Defining Relative Clauses (zdania względne nieokreślające) ze słówkami odnoszącymi sie do ilości/liczby:

There were 500 ​passengers, of whom 121 ​drowned.
They have two ​grown ​children, both of whom ​live ​abroad.
Over 200 people attended the ceremony, many of whom had known Harry as their teacher.
There are over 6,000 students, many of whom come from overseas.
She brought with her three friends, none of whom I had ever met before.

mundekPostczw 17 Mar 2016, 10:44
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śr 23 Paź 2013, 12:11
Bardzo gorący tematFormal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty

Whom jako zaimek względny w formie dopełnienia często występuje z przyimkami:

(1) Before a job interview it is a good idea, if you can, to find out some background information about the people for whom you would be working - styl formalny, przyimek przed "whom".
(2) ... about the people whom you would be working for - styl mniej formalny, przyimek na końcu zdania.
(3) ... about the people (who/that) you would be working for - styl potoczny, "who" lub "that" zamiast "whom" lub (jeśli jest to zdanie typu Defining) opuszczenie zaimka względnego, przyimek na końcu zdania.

Drama in schools is particularly good for pupils for whom English is a second language.
The first book was a terrible historical novel for children which was turned down by every publisher to whom it was sent.
There was only one person to whom the old man spoke.
She smiled as she remembered the quiet scholar with whom she had shared a love of books.
His brother, with whom he is very close, works for the same company.
This is an author whom I had never heard of.
The person whom we spoke to was very helpful.

artur.chPostwt 22 Mar 2016, 12:59
artur.ch
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czw 25 Lip 2013, 15:08
Bardzo gorący tematFormal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty

Deliberate (= think about) - rozmyślać, rozważać, zastanawiać się, dyskutować, naradzać się, obradować.

The jury deliberated for five days before finding him guilty.
The sergeant deliberated for a moment and then agreed to unlock the door.
The jury deliberated for four days before acquitting him.
There was silence while she deliberated on his words.
The ​jury took five ​days to deliberate on the ​case.
The ​committee has deliberated the ​question at ​great ​length.
deliberate (on) whether, what, etc...
They deliberated (on) whether to continue with the talks.
He's deliberating wh​ether or not to ​accept the new ​job that he's been ​offered.

deliberate [dɪˈlɪbəreɪt]

samoePostwt 29 Mar 2016, 21:52
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wt 11 Lis 2014, 14:37
Bardzo gorący tematFormal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty

Caveat (= warning) - klauzula, sprzeciw, zastrzeżenie, ostrzeżenie, upomnienie, ograniczenie, warunek.

Any discussion of legal action must be preceded by a caveat on costs.
She will be offered radiation treatment – with the caveat that the method has only around a 30% chance of success.
She will be offered treatment, with the caveat that it may not work.
He ​agreed to the ​interview, with the caveat that he could ​approve the ​final ​article.

caveat [ˈkæviˌæt]

lidziaPostśr 6 Kwi 2016, 14:39
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sob 14 Gru 2013, 14:00
Bardzo gorący tematFormal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty

Harry (= harass) - zadręczać, dręczyć, nękać, nagabywać, ciągle atakować.

She has been harried by the press all week.
The superintendent sent him to harry the forensic lab over the blood tests.
They harried the retreating army.
She harried the ​authorities, writing ​letters and ​gathering ​petitions.
The invaders harried the village's residents.

harry [ˈhæri]

FiafPostnie 17 Kwi 2016, 10:27
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czw 28 Sie 2014, 18:56
Bardzo gorący tematFormal English czyli formalne angielskie słówka i zwroty

Discern (= make out, distinguish) - dostrzec, spostrzec, rozpoznać.

We could just discern the house in the distance.
She could clearly discern a figure walking up towards the house.
We could just about discern a small figure walking towards us.
We could just discern a town in the distance.
I could just discern a ​figure in the ​darkness.
We could just discern the ship through the fog.

discern [dɪˈsɜː(r)n]

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